Frequently asked questions

Our answers to your questions about presbyopia and more.

  • Presbyopia is a natural process of aging that appears towards the age of 40.
  • A presbyope has trouble seeing objects up close, similar to a camera lens that can’t focus properly.

Presbyopia is not a vision disorder but a natural process of aging that affects everyone. In fact, with time, as the lens loses its elasticity, it becomes less capable of bending and accommodating.

Around the age of 40, the effects of this progression start to be experienced. Similar to a camera with a misaligned lens, the eye can’t focus properly on the image. The focus on close objects is altered. For the emmetropic presbyope, who doesn’t require a correction for distance vision, or the ametropic presbyope with a correction for distance vision, seeing objects from up close can be difficult.

"Everyone experiences presbyopia to a varying degree after 35, with symptoms usually noticeable from 40 onwards.

As it is a natural process, you cannot avoid presbyopia. There is some evidence that hot, dry environments increase the speed of its progress, as may poor nutrition and smoking."

If you are near-sighted, presbyopia will not alleviate your existing refractive error. You might be able to continue with close work by taking off your glasses, but at some point you will feel uncomfortable. The earlier you switch to progressive lenses, the easier it will be for you to forget about your weakening sight at near. And if you’re wearing contact lenses, you may feel more bothered and will need to find a good solution.

Signs and symptoms of weakening near sight after 40

If you’re in your 40s and finding it difficult to focus up-close, you’re probably developing presbyopia, a perfectly normal age-related condition.

What's your vision like today

Your vision is evolving just as nature intended.

The signs of presbyopia can start with the small annoyances in everyday life. You may have to hold your book at arm’s length to focus. Or zoom to read on your smartphone. Perhaps you’re having trouble making out the fine print on product labels. As the day goes by, reading up close may require you to squint or even to take off your specs if you wear them.

It’s a nuisance, but it’s also a fact of life after 40 for all of us. As your eyesight changes, you need to adapt – and that means consulting your optician to find the proper lenses in order to enjoy effortless vision at any distance.

If any of these symptoms sound all too familiar to you, why not book an appointment with your eyecare professional. He is the expert and can recommend the right lenses for you.

12 signs you can’t ignore
  1. I have to ask someone to read out the fine print for me.
  2. I have to hold my reading material at arms’ length to focus.
  3. I have difficulty reading in dim light.
  4. I can’t make out the small print
  5. I find it hard to do detailed near-distance tasks.
  6. I squint to see clearly close-up.
  7. I often see blurry, get dizzy or suffer from headaches.
  8. I have to increase the size of the text on my screen to make it readable.
  9. I have to increase the brightness on my smartphone to see better.
  10. I take pictures of small things then zoom to see the details.
  11. I have to move closer to a light source or turn up the light to see better.
  12. I’m shortsighted and have to take off my glasses to read.

Top tips to take care of your vision
  • Visit your optician for an eye test every 1-2 years
  • Maintain a healthy diet and lifestyle
  • Give your eyes a break from the screen every 1-2 hours and do relaxing eye exercises.
  • Wear sunglasses to protect your eyes from UV rays
  • Protect your eyes against harmful blue light (from screens as well as the sun) with Eye Protect SystemTM technology
  • Choose Varilux® lenses, recommended by a lot of expert eye care professionals

People who have enjoyed good vision until the onset of presbyopia can easily use reading glasses for short term tasks. However, when needed for longer periods, it is better to get a prescription for eyeglasses and get a pair that is specifically adjusted to your sight. Progressive lenses offer the advantage that you do not need to take your glasses off, so they maintain good vision at all distances, at near, at far and in-between. To get the best performance from your progressive lenses they need to be measured with the frame you choose and adjusted by a qualified optician.

We’ve come a long way since the launch of the very first Varilux® lens in 1959

Varilux® progressive lenses* incorporate the latest optical technology and constant innovation to respond to your individual visual needs.

* latest generations

The 3-in-1 varilux® lenses difference

Instead of having just two or three lens powers, “progressive” lenses were invented to provide smooth, seamless progression through several lens powers for sharp vision at all distances. Constantly at the forefront of optical technology, Varilux® lenses continue to push the boundaries to bring you sharper, effortless vision every day.

As easy as A. B. C!
  1. Near: look through the bottom part of the lens to see close up.
  2. Intermediate: lower your eyes to see at arm’s length distance.
  3. Distance: look straight ahead in a natural position to see far away.

Don’t let common misconceptions prevent you from visual comfort

Despite the great technical advances in today’s progressive lenses, long-standing clichés prevent some people from correcting a common age-related eye condition with this effective and simple solution.

Debunking stereotypes

There are many myths and stereotypes that may make you reluctant to try progressive lenses. Some examples:

"It takes a long time to get used to them".

False: Most people adapt quickly.

"They make your eyes lazy".

Simply untrue; in fact, correcting your vision is the best protection you can offer it.

"You have to move your head constantly to find the right angle to see sharp".

Not any longer; Varilux® lenses eliminated this problem years ago.

The truth is that wearing progressive lenses isn’t a problem, but leaving presbyopia uncorrected is.

The secrets of effortless sharp vision

With progressive lenses, you no longer have the bother of changing glasses or making other adjustments. Here are reasons to adopt Varilux®.

All distances in one lens

Varilux lenses* combine the latest advances in optical technology with an in-depth knowledge of consumers'evolving needs and lifestyles. So you can see clearly at all distances - near, far and everywhere in between.

*latest generations

No need to switch glasses

You only need to wear one pair of glasses for all your daily tasks; working on your computer, answering text messages on your phone, or reading the newspapers.

Sharp vision in any light

Varilux® lenses deliver unrivalled contrast and sharpness even in low light conditions. This includes making it easier to read bedtime stories to children.

Steady vision in motion

The perfect solution for dynamic types with an active lifestyle, whether it's dashing to a job, working outdoors, or doing sports.

Look good. feel good.

Design meets comfort in Varilux® progressive lenses: because of their thin design, the lenses will fit your frames perfectly.

95% of wearers are satisfied with varilux® x series™ lenses during multitasking at arms’ length*

*Varilux® wearer test conducted by independent 3rd party - Single-center study - Eurosyn - France (n=42) 2016.


  • Following their morning beauty routine
  • Doing precise tasks
  • Looking at dashboard
  • Finding their way in the street
  • Sharing time with friends & colleagues
  • Watching movies and sending texts
  • Reading in a lying position


Your vision is invaluable.

That’s why Essilor® invests meticulous care and master craftsmanship into producing Varilux® progressive lenses.

The masterpiece of progressive lenses

Producing a Varilux® lens is an art and a science. Each one is made to measure, crafted with perfect precision and polished artistry using the best technology - because there are few things more precious than your vision.

The craftsmanship behind Varilux® lenses starts with personalised measurements of your physique and visual behaviours. Each detail is then meticulously crafted using the latest, state-of-the-art technology and finished by hand.

From personalisation and production to protection and perfection, each pair of Varilux® lenses is a bespoke creation designed with your unique vision in mind: a work of art offering you seamless vision so that you’ll forget you ever had a vision problem.

Seize the day and look to the future! Invest in Varilux® lenses and live life to the fullest.

Be certain to Select just the right lenses for your needs.

Essilor provides vision service providers with virtual reality tools that allow you to see the benefits of your new lenses before purchasing them.

The Nautilus™ tool: an immersive way to experience your lenses

The Nautilus™ tool is a remarkable 3D virtual reality headset that immerses you directly into a real-life experience of varifocal lenses at the office, in a taxi, etc. Generally, you only get to try lenses after purchasing them and returning to the store to pick them up. With the Nautilus™ tool you look into the headset and see a number of simulated 360°, interactive scenes projected onto the screen of a smartphone.

Using an application on a connected tablet, your vision service provider can adjust the variables, allowing you to see, feel, and test situations such as walking down stairs, riding a bike in a busy city, or reading a restaurant menu. The app also enables your optician to show you the impact of distortion, dust, rain or fog on the lenses.

This immersion into virtual reality has many benefits: you experience first-hand the difference between regular and Varilux® progressive lenses, you can test a thinner versus thicker lens, and you can fine-tune your correction. Your optician will guide you as you test different types of lenses such as polarized or Transition® lens. This trial means you can better understand the benefits your lenses can provide.

You can wear any style of frames you want with Varilux® lenses

Perhaps you are apprehensive about wearing Varifocals for the first time. You may wonder if you’ll have to compromise on the aesthetics of your frames. Happily, that’s not the case. Today’s lenses are high-tech in optical terms, but they remain thin and lightweight. And unlike bifocals they don’t have the unattractive visible lines separating the different focus areas that may remind you of your elders.

They can be paired with an almost unlimited choice of fashionable frame designs. So whether your tastes run to classic, vintage, geek-chic or even trendier designer models, your progressive lenses will fit perfectly. Try out the many popular eyewear trends – they include oversized clear forms, black-rimmed, gold metal wireframes, aviators, hipster squares, tortoise shell or wild reds, pinks and purples - to find the one that suits you best. Intellectual, creative, traditional, there’s a fashionable choice for everyone. Best of all no one will know you’re wearing progressive lenses.

Don’t think you’ll be cramped in your lifestyle choices. Varilux® lenses will work for all kinds of activities: working at your computer, driving at night to visit friends, or playing tennis and other outdoors sports.